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With the ousting of Christopher Columbus in 1500, the Spanish Crown had him replaced with Francisco de Bobadilla. Bobadilla was succeeded by a royal governor, Fray Nicolás de Ovando, who established the formal encomienda system. In many cases natives were forced to do hard labor and subjected to extreme punishment and death if they resisted.The encomienda was designed to meet the needs of the American colonies’early mining economy. With the catastrophic decline in the Indian population and the replacement of mining activities by agriculture in Spanish America, the system lost its effectiveness and was gradually replaced by the haciendasystem of landed estates.The encomienda system was generally replaced by the crown-managed repartimiento system throughout Spanish America after mid-sixteenth century. Why did the Encomienda system fail? The encomienda system granted a Spanish leader a number of Native American laborers. What replaced the encomienda system.

www.thoughtco › spains-american-colonies Spain's American Colonies and the Encomienda System

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